Tenses,İngilizce Zamanlar,Going to Future Tense,İngilizce | İNGİLİZCE AKADEMİK EĞİTİM , İngilizce Dersleri , Özel İngilizce Dersi | İNGİLİZCE AKADEMİK EĞİTİM , İngilizce Dersleri , Özel İngilizce Dersi


 

Tenses
İngilizce Zamanlar

tenses,ingilizce zamanlar,Going to Future Tense

 

NERELERDE KULLANILIR :

1. Ne zaman yapılacağı kesin belli olan veya gelecekte yapmayı tasarladığımız  işleri anlatırken:

My mother  is going to buy me a bike.

( Annem  bana bisiklet alacak.)

The teachers are going to take the students to the theatre  tomorrow.

(Öğretmenler yarın öğrencileri tiyatroya götürecekler.)

2. Kuvvetli olasılık belirten eylemleri anlatırken.

It’s going to snow, it’s very cold.

(Kar yağacak, çok soğuk.)

He is going to fail, he doesn’t study at all.

(Kalacak, hiç ders çalışmıyor.)

3. Acıma, sevgi hislerimizi anlatırken.

She  has stayed out in the cold for six hours, She is going to be ill.

(Dışarıda soğukta altı saat kaldı, hasta olacak.)

4. Bir tehlikeyi haber veren ifadelerde.

The vase is going to fall off the table.

(Vazo masadan düşecek – düşmek üzere.)

Olumlu Şekli

(Affirmative Form)

 

Özne + am / is /are- + going to + fiil (1. hali)

I am going to finish the food.

 

He / She / It is

We / You / They are

Uyarı : come, go fiilleri going to Future Tense ile genellikle kullanılmazlar. Bu fiilleri Present Continuous Tense de kullanılması tercih edilir.

I am goinh to go. yerine I am going.

I am going to come. yerine I am coming. deriz.

going to Future Tense’te aşağıdaki zaman zarfları (adverbs of time) kullanılabilir:

Today: Bugün

Tonight:Bu gece

Tomorrow: Yarın

Soon: Yakında

This week: Bu hafta

This month: Bu ay

Next week: Gelecek hafta

Next year: Gelecek yıl, vb.

Örnekleri çoğaltalım:

Tim is going to finish the book next week.

(Tim kitabı gelecek hafta bitirecek.)

The astranaut is going to land the moon tomorrow morning

(Astronot yarın sabah  aya inecek.)

They  are going to clean the chimney next week.

(Bacayı gelecek hafta temizleyecekler.)

They are going to show me  the new photographs they took

( baa çektikleri yeni fotoğrafları gösterecekler.)

tenses,ingilizce zamanlar,Going to Future Tense

Olumsuz Şekli

(Negative Form)

 

Özne + am/is/are-not + going to + fiil (1. hali)

I am not going to play with him.

 

He / She / It is

We / You / They are

Örnekleri çoğaltalım:

I am going to open the door.

(Kapıyı açacağım.)

I am not going to open the window.

(Pencereyi açmayacağım.)

You are going to meet him at the air port.

You aren’t going to meet him at the bus – station.

Ahmet is going to achive this.

He isn’t going to fail.

The tourists are going to have lunch at that restaurant.

They aren’t going to have lunch here.

Soru Şekli

(Interrogative Form)
Am/Is/Are + Özne + going to + Fiil (1. hali)

Am I going to hurry?

 

Is He / She / It

Are We / You / They

Örnekleri çoğaltalım:

You are going to try it again.

Are you going to wash it again?

(Onu tekrar yıkayacakmısın ?)

The boy is going to fall off the tree.

Is the man  going to fall off the tree?

( Adam  ağaçtan düşecek mi?)

The children are going to play football this afternoon.

Are the children going to play football this afternoon?

tenses,ingilizce zamanlar,Going to Future Tense

Olumsuz Soru Şekli

( Negative Interrogative)

 

9 Am I Am/Is/Are + Özne + not + going to + Fiil (1. hali )

not going to sleep soon?

 

Is He / She / It

Are We / You / They

Olumsuz – soru şekilleri genellikle aşağıdaki şekilde kullandır.

Am I not going to visit her tonight?

Aren’t you going to listen to the music?

Isn’t he going to explain it to us?

Isn’t she going to wind the clock?

Isn’t it going to kill the mouse?

Aren’t  they going to have breakfast early?

Aren’t they going to call  me?

Tag Questions : Sora Ekleri

Cümle olumlu Tag question olumsuz

I am going to correct your mistakes, am I not?/Aren’t I?

You are going to build a garage, aren’t you?

Mr. White  is going to lend you his car, isn’t he?

Mrs. White  is going to use it, isn’t she?

It is going to rain heavily, isn’t it?

They are going to past them, aren’t  they ?

They are going to catch the early bus. aren’t they?

Cümle olumlusuz Tag question olumlu

I’m not going to knit a pullover, am I?

You aren’t going to repair the radio, are you?

She isn’t going to make any coffee, is she?

He isn’t going to feed the horse, is he?

They aren’t going to refuse him, are they?

tenses,ingilizce zamanlar,Going to Future Tense

Soru – Cevap örnekleri

a) Yes, No cevaplan isteyen sorular.

Are you going to buy another carpet?

(Bir halı daha alacak mismiz?)

— Yes, I am going to buy another one.

— No, I am not going to buy another one.

Are the tourists going to visit the Blue Mosque?

(Turistler Sultân Ahmet Camiini ziyaret edecekler mi?)

— Yes, they are going  to visit it.

— No, they aren’t going to visit it.

Is your mother  going to have plenty of time in the summer?

(Yazın annenin çok vakti olacak mı?)

— Yes, She is/going to have plenty of time in the summer.

— No, She isn’t/going to have plenty of time in the summer.

b) Soru kelimeleriyle sorulan sorular.

What are we going to have for breakfast? ( toast )

(Kahvaltıda ne yiyeceğiz?)

— We are going to have toast  for breakfast.

When are you going to feed the baby? ( half an  hour later)

— I’m going to feed him half an hour later.

Who are they going to ask for some help? (their friends)

— They are going to ask their friends for some help.

What time is Bob going to leave home? (a few minutes later)

— He’s going to leave home a few minutes later.

How are they going to travel to Italy? (by air)

— They are going to travel by air.

Exercise : Cümleleri örnekteki gibi a) olumsuz, b) soru, c) olumsuz – soru şekline çeviriniz.

Örnek :You are going to dig in the garden.

a) You aren’t going to dig in the garden.

b) Are you going to dig in the garden?

c) Aren’t you going to dig in the garden?

1. Mary is going to eat here this evening.

2. You are going to spend the evening playing cards.

3. Mr. Green is going tasee the doctor tomorrow.

4. They are going to do their homework at school.

5. Mr. Pink is going to get in touch with the police.

Sorulara a) Yes, b) No, ile cevap veriniz.

1. Are you going to see Michael tomorrow?

2. Is Ahmet going to call a taxi?

3. Is the cat going to eat the stale fish?

4. Are the children going to play with him?

5. Is Mrs. Hicks going to water the flowers today?

Sorulara örnektekiler gibi kısa cevap veriniz.

Örnekler: a) The bell is going to ring in two minutes, isn’t it? — Yes, it is.

b) Our teacher isn’t going to mark our workbooks, is he? >— No, he isn’t.

1. Mr. Brown is going to get off the bus here, isn’t he?

2. We are going to leave for Bursa tomorrow, aren’t we?

3. They aren’t going to watch the match, are they?

4. It isn’t going to stop there, is it?

5. Sally is going to hide it, isn’t she?

tenses,ingilizce zamanlar,Going to Future Tense

Sorulara cevap veriniz.

1. When are the children going to have dinner? (8.30)

2. How are you going to cook the fish? (fry)

3. When is your pen – friend going to visit you? ( next summer)

4. What am I going to wear for the party? (the red dress)

5. Which airport are they going to land? (Heathrow Airport)

tenses,ingilizce zamanlar,Going to Future Tense

Bir Cevap Yazın

E-posta hesabınız yayınlanmayacak. Gerekli alanlar * ile işaretlenmişlerdir

Şu HTML etiketlerini ve özelliklerini kullanabilirsiniz: <a href="" title=""> <abbr title=""> <acronym title=""> <b> <blockquote cite=""> <cite> <code> <del datetime=""> <em> <i> <q cite=""> <strike> <strong>

ARAMA YAPINIZ

Sitede Arama yapabilirsiniz:


ADRESLER

0 (212) 572 00 34

0 (532) 477 25 41

SENDE KATIL

Set your Twitter account name in your settings to use the TwitterBar Section.