Conjunctions  2 (Bağlaçlar) Hakkında Bilgi

Conjunctions (Bağlaçlar) ve Örnekler

 

1 –  İngilizce Dersleri ( Bireysel – Özel  İngilizce Dersleri  )

2 –  İngilizce Dersleri ( 4 kişi ile yapılan grup İngilizce Dersleri  )

Özellikle akademik sınavlara girecek olan adayların mutlaka bilmesi ve hatta kullanabilecek şekilde özümsenmiş olması gereken konulardan biri

so  joins two similar affirmative sentences.

Study the pictures and the examples.

Susan is a doctor, Rose is a doctor too.
Susan is a doctor , so is Rose.

I have to go now. You have to now.
I have to now and so do you.

As seen above, we use and so + auxiliary + subject to express agreement to an affirmative statement.

neither / nor   joins two similar negative sentences.

Susan isnt a nurse, Rose isnt a nurse either.
= Susan isnt a nurse (and) neither is Rose.

The salad isnt salty. The soup isnt salty.
The salad İsnt salty (and) neither is the soup.
or The salad isnt salty (and) nor is the soup.
= The salad and soup arent salty.

As seen above, we use neither + auxliary + subject to express agreement to a negative statement. In that case, the word not has been dropped. Nor can be used instead of neither.


Exercise 8. Complete these sentences using and so.

1  Serpil is absent and so is Burcu.
2  Levent can do it,……………Alper.
3  Flowers have leaves,…………….trees.
4  You must stay in,………………the listeners.
5  The singer is singing,………….the listeners.
6  My parents will go to the cinema,…………..I.
7  My father should read daily newspapers,……………..my mother.
8  The boys may go out,…………………….the girls.
9  Elif has studied English, ………………….Fatoş.
10  The men are sitting, ……………..the women.
11  A worker works for others, …………. a porter.
12  You get up early,……………I.
13  A student goes to school,……………… a teacher.
14  Abdullah came by bus,……………. Ercan.
15  I finished the work,……………. Ali.
16  Hilmi Bey plays the violin,………………. his wife.
17  We washed our hands,……………they.
18  Girls like playing,…………….boys.
19  Erdal teaches English,……………….. Erol.
20  I had a holiday,………………….you.


Conjunctions 2 (Bağlaçlar)

 

Exercise 9. Combine these pairs of sentences using and so

1  We are Turks. They are Turks.
We are Turks and so are they.
2  Erdal can fish. Ersin can fish too.

3  I am working now. Engin is working too.
4  He will go today. I will go too.
5  Nuray likes dancing. Feray likes dancing too.
6  Gültekin went to Tarsus. Hakan went to Tarsus too.
7  Emel is a student. Mine is a student too.
8  The boys are playing. The girls are playing too.
9  You have got one sister. Jack has got one sister too.
10 You can do it. I can do it too.
11 Meral speaks English. İlkay speaks English too.

Exercise 10. Fiil in the gaps with  so ……….. or neither………………

1  You cant do it by yourself,…………………….I
2  They will be there at 5 p.m.,……………we.
3  Başak likes cartoons,……………….Doğaç.
4  Erzurum is in the east of Turkey,……………….Kars.
5  I have never been abroad,………………. my sons.
6  Nobody liked the film,………………I
7  We all obeyed the rules……………………the people over there.
8  Some of the workers were late for work yesterday,………………. the boss.
9  You arent lazy,…………………. your brother.
10  I havent got full marks in maths this term,………………. the other students.

neither ………….. nor    joins negative sentences.

Ekim hasnt come yet. Serdal hasnt come either.
Neither Ekim nor Serdal has come yet. (1)
subject     subject

= Ekim and Serdal havent come yet.

The girls arent here. The boys arent here.
Neither the girls nor the boys are here. (2)
subject             subject

He doesnt want bread. He doesnt want water either.
He wants neither bread nor water.     (3)
                                  object         object

She is not beautiful. She is not intelligent either.
She is neither beuatiful nor intelligent. (4)
complement     complement

They arent working. They arent enjoying themselves either.
They are neither working nor enjoying themselves (5)
verb                 verb

As seen above, neither………….nor is used to join two subjects (1,2) two objects (3) two subjects complements (4) or two verbs. (5)

NOTICE : As neither ………….. nor is negative, another word is not used in the sentence. If the neither ………… nor joins two singular subjects, the verb becomes singular. (1) if it joins two plural subjects, the verb becomes plural (2)


Conjunctions 2 (Bağlaçlar)

 


Conjunctions 2 ( Bağlaçlar )Exercise 11.
Combine the following sentences, using neither …………. nor.

1 We dont want to go to the cinema.  We dont want to go to the theate, either.
We neither want to go to the cinema nor to the theatre.

2  Nurten dislike joking. She dislikes arguments too.
3  We couldnt buy a house. We couldnt rent a house either.
4  He doesnt go to bed early. He doesnt get up early either.
5  They are not clever. They are not hard-working either.
6  She didint telephone me. She didint visit me.
7  They didint eat. They didnt drink.
8  They dont like liars. They dont like lazy people.
9  She doesnt need your help. She doesnt need your money.
10  Filiz is not from Aydın. I am not from Aydın.
11 A cat cant fly. A dog cant fly.
12  Music is not easy. Mathematics isn not easy.
13 The students are not in. The teachers are not in.
14 I havent got a car.  Erden hasnt got a car.
15 Students dont go to school at the weekend. Teachers dont go to the school at the weekend.

and …………. either    joins two negative sentences which express a similar idea.

Study the examples.

I am not a doctor. Erden is not a doctor.
  I am not a doctor and Erden isnt either.

= Erden and I are not doctors.

Ümit doesnt know French. Nuray doesnt know French.
Ümit doesnt know French and Nuray doesnt either.

Mert didnt come to school yesterday. Bilge didnt come to school yesterday.
Mert didnt come to school yesterday and Bilge didnt either.

As seen above, two negative sentences which express a similar aidea can be joined with and ……….. either. In that case the second sentence is shortened by using only its subject and helping verb.


Conjunctions 2 (Bağlaçlar)

 

Exercise 12. Complete these sentences, using and ….. either

1 The windows arent open and the doors arent either.
2 Murat isnt here,………..Selim……………
3 The boys arent playing…………………the girls……………..
4 Yıldız hasnt got a car,………………I……………..
5 I cant play basketball,………………you…………….
6 She doesnt have any spare time,……………….I……………….
7 I wont go there,…………….my sister ……………..
8 They musnt speak loudly,………….we…………….
9 The baby didnt sleep last night,…………..her mother……………..
10 Thet didny have breakfast, ………….. I ……………..


Conjunctions 2 ( Bağlaçlar )Exercise 13.
Combine these sentences, using and ……..either.

1  I dont smoke. My sons dont smoke.
I dont smoke and my sons dont either.
2  He doesnt go there. I dont go there.
3  We cant sleep here. The baby cant sleep here.
4  You didnt tell the truth. He didnt tell the truth.
5  The Millers havent been to Turkey. The Browns havent been to Turkey.
6  I cant drive a car. Erdal cant drive a car.
7  You didnt obey the rules. Your brothers didnt obey the rules.
8  He is not a pilot. You are not a pilot.
9  They werent here. Koray wasnt here.
10  She doesnt have any problems. Her mother doesnt have any problems.

Conjunctions 2 (Bağlaçlar)