Conjunctions  (Bağlaçlar) Hakkında Bilgi

Conjunctions (Bağlaçlar) ve Örnekler

 

1 –  İngilizce Dersleri ( Bireysel – Özel  İngilizce Dersleri  )
2 –  İngilizce Dersleri ( 4 kişi ile yapılan grup İngilizce Dersleri  )

Özellikle akademik sınavlara girecek olan adayların mutlaka bilmesi ve hatta kullanabilecek şekilde özümsenmiş olması gereken konulardan biri

Nor
Look at the examples.

Jack cant speak Turkish. Fred cant speak Turkish.
Jack cant speak Turkish nor can Fred.
= Jack and Fred cant speak Turkish.

You dont know how to cook. I dont know how to cook.
You dont know how to cook nor do I.

As seen above, two negative sentences can be joined with nor. In that case the helping verb and subject are said in question form (inversion).

Exercise 1. Complete these sentences using nor.

1  You are not an American nor am I.
2  I wasnt there,………….you.
3  We didnt see the accident,…………they.
4  You shouldnt smoke,………….the other children.
5  The teacher hadnt entered the classroom,………….the students.
6  The clock isnt working,……………. The telephone.
7  Meral isnt a dressmaker,………………Sevil.
8  I havent met her,…………….. he.
9  He hasnt had any accidents,………………I.
10  I cant solve this problem,…………..you.

Exercise 2. Combine these sentences using nor.

1  You are not careful. She is not careful
You are not careful nor is she.
2  I wont be able to go. Sevdiye wont be able to go.

3  They dont want tos tay here. We dont want to stay here.
4  The baby didnt eat anything. The mother didnt eat anything.
5  He hasnt got a driving license. I havent got a driving license.
6  Jack doesnt study Turkish. Fred doesnt study Turkish.
7  You werent comfortable. I wasnt comfortable.
8  Yalcın cant speak English fluently. Özlem cant speak English.
9  Mary is not attending university. Jane isnt attending university.
10  3-A will not be taking a test this time tomorrow. 3-B will not be taking a test.


Conjunctions  (Bağlaçlar)

 

Exercise 3. Complete these sentences using and neither.

1  Sabiha isnt fat and netiher is Rabia.
2  My mother isnt tall…………..I.
3  A man cant live without water…………….animals.
4  A cat doesnt like vinegar,…………a dog.
5  The Browns havent got a dog,…………..the Millers.
6  He didnt g oto the cinema yesterday,…………. I.
7  She wasnt happy,……………..her husband.
8  I dont like anything bitter,……………my children.
9  The students arent in the classroom,…………..the teacher.
10  They ate nothing,………………we.

Exercise 4. Combine these sentences using and neither.

1  He hasnt got any spare time. I havent got any spare time.
He hasnt got any spare time and neither have I.

2  Sema doesnt work here. Mine doesnt work here.
3  An old man cant play football. A fat man cant play football.
4  The boks arent on the table. The pencil sharpener isnt on the table.
5  You cant park your car here. I cant park my car here.
6  You shuldnt play in the road. The other boys shouldnt play in the road.
7  Nurten didnt dance. Melek didnt dance.
8  I wasnt happy. She wasnt happy.
9  They wont help him. I wont help him.
10  We dont have to do it. You dont have to do it.

Exercise 5. Complete these sentences with the words and so or and neither (nor) (mixed type)

1         Selma cant play the violin and neither can Emel.
2  The Browns have lived her efor ten years,………………the Millers.
3  You must do the work today,…………..I.
4  Our visitors havent come yet,……………….my parents.
5  I can play basketball,………….my father.
6  You like playing football,……………I.
7  I have to rest for a while,……………..they.
8  Erden finished his work,……………….the twins.
9  George wont go to London,……………..John.
10  Mrs Brown doesnt like boxing,…………….Mr Brown.

Exercise 6.  Combine these sentences using and neither instead of and …………..either.

1  You cant do it and I cant either.
You cant do it and neither can I.

2  She is not guilty and her friend is not either.
3  Emel hasnt eaten breakfast and Susan hasnt either.
4  I am not tired and you arent either.
5  You dont go there and thet dont either.
6  He didnt say anything and I didnt either.
7  Gülsüm doesnt go out alone at night and Perihan doesnt either.
8  She wasnt right and you werent either.
9  He wont come today and I wont either.


Conjunctions  (Bağlaçlar)

 

Exercise 7.  Combine these sentences using and neither.

1  Erdal doesnt know French and Erol doesnt either.
Erdal doesnt know French and neither does Erol.
2  Ercan cant drive a tractor and I cant either.
3  The baby isnt sleeping now and its mother isnt either.
4  We arent going to cinema this weekend and they arent either.
5  Fatoş didnt come here yesterday and Memiş didnt either.
6  We havent got a car and they havent either.
7  The oranges werent expensive and the apples werent either.
8  Murat wont go out tonight and Mert wont either.
9  I dont like pop music and Filiz doesnt either.
10  Emin wasnt there and Hakan wasnt either.

Or
expresses alternative or possibility.

Look at the examples.

Fatoş or Suna will help you.
= Fatoş will help you but if she cant Suna will.

 

You may go today or tomorrow.

You cant smoke or talk loudly on a bus.
= It is not permitted to smoke and talk loudly on a bus.

You should study harder or you will not be able to pass.
= If you dont study harder, you wont pass.


Conjunctions  (Bağlaçlar)

 


Exercise 8.
  Combine the following sentences using or.

1  You should eat less. You will get fat.
You should eat less or you will get fat.

2  You must obet the traffic rules. Ypu will have an accident.
3  We must set off at once. We will be late for school.
4  He has to take his medicine regularly. He wont recover.
5  I must set the alarm clock. I cant wake up on time.
6  She must pay her debt on time. She cant borrow again.
7  They must give blood to the wounded man soon. He will die.
8  You must get permission from your parents to go out. You cant go.
9  He must have missed the plane. He would have come.
10  You should give up smoking. You will be ill.
either ………… or

Look at the examples.

Eitheryou or I must do it.
= Somebody must do it, you or I.

Either obey the rules or go away.
= Obey the rules or go away.

Dou you know either Turkish or Arabic.
= Do you understand Turkish or Arabic.

NOTICE : When the subjects joined with either…………..or are singular, the verb become singular, if the subjects are plural, the verb becomes plural.

Exercise 9.  Complete the following sentences using either ……………or and suitable verb.

1  Either Erdal or Erol is at home now.
2  …………………my mother…………………my sister…………………tea for breakfast.
3  …………………..a car……………..a motorbike……………………coming.
4  ……………………..Friday………………Saturday……………………her birthday.
5  You must ……………………. Sit down …………………….move aside.
6  ………………………Ayla……………….İdil……………………..got a red pencil.
7  ……………………….the alarm clock……………………the telephone………………….ringing.
8  A teacher…………………….a lesson………………………..questions of students.
9  When we are ill,……………………we…………………..a doctor………………to hospital.
10  A doctor……………………..at a hospital……………………in his surgery.


Conjunctions  (Bağlaçlar)

but
Look at hte examples.

It is a nice today, but we dont want to go for a picnic.
positive           negative
= Altough it is a nice day today, we dont want to go for a picnic.

He is hard-working but his sister is lazy.
= He works hard but his sister doesnt.

The lesson must have started but the students are stil in the garden.
= Altough the lesoon has started, the students are stil in the garden.

He ate breakfast. I didnt eat breakfast.
He ate breakfast but I didnt.
I didnt eat breakfast but he did.

As seen above but is used to join two basic sentences opposing each other in any way. If there are the same elements in each sentence, when they are joined with but, the elements in the first sentence arent repeated, they are dropped.

Conjunctions (Bağlaçlar)Exercise 10.  Combine the following pairs of sentences using but.

1  A bird can fly. A cat cant fly.
A bird can fly but a cat cant.
2  I wrote a letter to Mr Spur. He hasnt answered it yet.
3  She drank tea. Her husband drank beer.
4  It is cool. I am not cold.
5  He invited us. We couldnt go.
6  He bought a car. He doesnt know how to drive.
7  She failed last year. She has passed this year.
8  The bells has rung fort he lesson. Everybody is stil outside.
9  He likes reading science books. His wife likes reading newspapers.
10  I was at home last night. My twins werent at home.
11  I cant do it. Mahmut can do it.
12  Erdal doesnt like Arabic music. Erol likes Arabic mucis.
13  Suna didnt come here. Nihal came here.
14  Milk isnt expensive. Yogurt is expensive.
15  Yılmaz hasnt been to Tokat. I have been to Tokat.


Conjunctions  (Bağlaçlar)