TENSES ( İngilizce Zamanlar ) , İngilizce Dilbilgisi , İngilizce Gramer Bilgisi
PRESENT PERFECT VE PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE
Geçmişte başlayıp ,içinde bulunduğumuz anda devam etmekte olan,yada henüz bitmiş olan
bir eylemi anlatılır, bazı filler ,her iki tense ile de kullanılır ve aynı anlamı verir .
Presen perfect contınuous tense ‘de cümle kurarken
He/she / it has been waiting .
He /she/it hasn’t been waiting..
Has she/it /he been waiting ?
Yes ,she has
No ,she hasn’t
They /you/I / we have been waiting.
They/you/I/We haven’t been waiting.
Have they/you/ we /I been waiting ?
Yes, they have No, they haven’t
Present perfect tense zaman ifadeleri
all morning / afternoon /week/ day
She has been typing letters for three hours.
They have been working for nine hours .
She has been living in this house for ten years .
(Yaygın olarak bu filler kullanılır )
expect lie rain snow study want
hope live sleep stand teach work
learn look sit stay wait
Look at that lovely shirt in the shop window I have been lookin for one like that for some
I have been wishing to visit your mother since I heard that she was ill.
How long have you been lived in this city ?
How long have you been living in this city ?
She has worked for that film for the last two years .
Bu iki tense, birbirinin yerine kullanılabilirse de,( present continuous tense ‘te olduğu gibi)
Geçici durumları ifade etmek için present perfect continuous tercih edilir.
My niece has been living with us for two years ,but she is moving to her own flat next
She has been working on her graduation recently.
I have been helping her with English assignments since the beginning of the term.
Present perfect continuous tense always ,never,sometimes, gibi sıklık bildiren zarflarla once
,twice several times gibi eylemlerin kaçkez yapıldığını bildiren yapılarda ,yada just ,already
,yet gibi eylemlerin bittiğini, tamamladığını ifade eden yapılarla kullanılamaz .
I have always lived here /I have lived here all my life .
I have been living here since I was born.
He has been writting letters since breakfast time
(Okuma eylemi devam ettiği için have been reading yüz sayfalık yazıyı tamamlamış olduğu
için have read )
I have been reading this book since this morning ,and I have read a hundread pages so far
We have been writting letter since breakfast time .He has just written the fourth one ,and
he has two more letters to write .
The door bell has rung twice in the last half hour ,and each time ,it has been a visitor for my
The door bell has been ringing for the last minute . Why doesn’t someone open the door ?